View unanswered posts | View active topics It is currently Tue Jun 27, 2017 6:57 pm



Reply to topic  [ 3 posts ] 
 Passes and Prizes 
Author Message
Admin
User avatar

Joined: Tue Nov 12, 2002 9:02 am
Posts: 2747
Location: Cambridgeshire, England
Post Passes and Prizes






The Times, May 13th, 1785:

" .... Letters from Leghorn, and other parts of the Levant, dated the beginning of April last, confirm the accounts of the Dey of Algiers having been greatly dissatisfied with the proceedings of some of the subjects of Great Britain, who, it is asserted, have procured English passes for vessels belonging to the Americans, and by those means prevented the Algerine Corsairs from making their lawful prizes. ....."



Would anyone care to elaborate on the system?




_________________
- Mil -
aka Mary ....


Sun Nov 01, 2009 10:01 am
Profile YIM
Commander

Joined: Sat Mar 31, 2007 12:27 am
Posts: 389
Location: Australia
Post 
There was a succession of treaties which provided for Passes to be issued by the Admiralty covering English and later British ships. Under the treaties ships carrying such passes were not to be searched or molested in any way by the Barbary powers with whom the treaties were agreed. This system was in force for about two hundred years, the terms varying slightly from time to time.
In practice, the passes were “written on parchment, with ornaments at the top, through which a scolloped indenture is made; the scolloped tops are sent to Barbary; and being put in possession of their cruisers, the commanders are instructed to suffer all persons to pass who have passes that will fit these scalloped tops. The protection afforded by these passes is such, that no ships, which traverse the seas frequented by these rovers, ever fail to furnish themselves with them….” (Reeves: "Treatise on the Laws of Shipping")
The pass could be issued for one voyage or annexed to the ship’s Certificate of Registration (and in force during the currency of the certificate). Blank passes under the seal of the Admiralty were sent to overseas Governors and some Consuls for issue locally.
I think that the Passes became a requirement for Marine Insurance purposes, apart from anything else.
There were some malpractices associated with the system, particularly during the eighteenth century, involving the sale of British ships to foreigners with the pass attached and also the obtaining of passes by means of false declarations as to ownership.
Following complaints from American merchants, the USA arranged similar treaties and issued to its ships passes that were based on the British practice.


Sun Nov 01, 2009 12:51 pm
Profile
Admin
User avatar

Joined: Tue Nov 12, 2002 9:02 am
Posts: 2747
Location: Cambridgeshire, England
Post 


Thanks, Peter! :)


_________________
- Mil -
aka Mary ....


Mon Nov 02, 2009 1:53 pm
Profile YIM
Display posts from previous:  Sort by  
Reply to topic   [ 3 posts ] 

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest


You cannot post new topics in this forum
You cannot reply to topics in this forum
You cannot edit your posts in this forum
You cannot delete your posts in this forum
You cannot post attachments in this forum

Search for:
Jump to:  
cron
Powered by phpBB © 2000, 2002, 2005, 2007 phpBB Group.
Designed by STSoftware for PTF.